Setting Up a Cannabis Grow Room
The best way to start your marijuana production journey is through indoor production, either by using a stealth grow box or a single grow tent. Although you can also venture into marijuana production by using a full-scale commercial facility, indoor production offers you greater advantages. Our discussion will center on the factors that determine your chances of growing hydroponics successfully, as well as the how you can set up your production and keep it running.
When you grow indoors, you get to fine-tune the requirements to your advantage, instead f relying on the natural weather and soil. For instance, you can adjust the amount of light, nutrient, humidity, water, temperature, and ventilation to ensure the highest yields.
Setting up an ideal grow room
A marijuana growing facility doesn’t come cheap, considering the basic requirements and the maintenance required. However, the investment is worth it – you can rest assured of adequate protection from challenges common to the natural environment. An outdoor setup, on the other hand, will be cheaper and easier to set up, but the yield will be way lower. For starters, it is advisable that you work with a single grow box. This allows you to test all the factors required to grow cannabis on a small, controlled scale.
It goes beyond just finding a perfect strain – a strain with a high growth rate, easy to cultivate, and which has high potency and offers many buds. Even with a perfect strain, you will need to create an ideal environment that will ensure the maximum growth of the strain. The yield, which is the quantity and quality of the output, depends on how well the plants photosynthesize.
Now, let us consider the requirements for maximum photosynthesis by cannabis plants:
Light – Lamps, Reflector, and Wall Color
Photosynthesis is crucial to the survival of your cannabis plants. The ideal environment should be completely lightproof, thus giving you the total freedom to determine when the light will be available or not. A 6-hour darkness period and 18-hour light period is required in the vegetative phase, while the flowering phase requires 12-hour light period and 12-hour darkness period.
Your source of light can be LED or HPS/MH lighting. For every square meter of plants in the vegetative phase, work with a 400-Watt HPS lamp. During the vegetative phase, work with a 600-Watt, also for every square meter. LED lamps are great for long term use and are as effective as the HID (HPS and MH) lamps, which have been adopted over time.
Reflective walls are ideal here – they complement the lighting. So, while dark or black walls absorb the light, white walls will reflect them. You can easily monitor the duration by using a time switch and ultimately provide your plants with an optimum lighting experience.
Ventilation and Air Circulation
The room should be airtight, considering how sensitive and far-reaching the marijuana smell could be. Although it is important to ensure air circulation and the influx of fresh air, ensure that the outgoing air goes through a carbon filter. The air extractor removes the odor while extracting the heat for use by the lamps in stabilizing temperature.
Fresh air is crucial to a successful photosynthesis process – the plants absorb carbon dioxide and convert it into oxygen and sugars. Thus, you must provide an entry point in your air-tight grow box through which fresh air and CO2 is supplied to the plants.
A fan will ensure that air and temperature are well-dispersed throughout the room.
Humidity and Watering System
You cannot stop water from escaping from your pots and to the floor. However, a waterproof floor will keep your house and the entire production process safe. You can research on the ideal amount of water your plant requires.
The amount of water in the air is referred to as humidity. Thus, you will require the perfect moisture level in the air that will ensure the optimum growth of your plants. Keep in mind that too much humidity will lead to the growth of mold and fungus.
As stated earlier, you can ensure that your plants do not experience overheating by providing a fan and an effective airflow system. Temperature is a vital prerequisite for photosynthesis and the eventual taste of your plants. For the best results, align the temperature to the hours of darkness and light, i.e., high temperature during the light time, and less temperature when it is dark.
The optimum temperature is 77 degrees; the lowest possible temperature is 64 degrees and the highest 86 degrees. While you may get all the heat needed in the day from the lamps, you will need an additional source of light for the night.
- Nutrient Delivery
The availability and quality of nutrients determine how healthy your plants will be. Check nutrients requirements regularly and make changes when required. The essential nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and they are available in various nutrient blends. The ideal blend depends on your plants’ growing cycle. Note that too much nutrients, especially nitrogen, can lead to toxicity and ultimately burn your plants.
In addition to sealed windows, you will need a carbon filter to contain the marijuana scent. You can install cameras, and integrate additional locks to your facility, especially if you are using a warehouse. Imagine the possible security breaches and devise means of preventing them.
With the perfect amount of exposure to light, the right airflow, temperature, and humidity, you can rest assured of massive production output. Another top benefit of using a grow room is the special learning and business experience it offers.
5 Steps to Set Up a Cannabis Grow Room
Here is an introduction to the five basic steps in setting up a personal grow room. In subsequent discussions, we will be examining each step properly to offer you an advanced understanding. The steps are as follows;
- Creating a Plan
A proper plan is required for indoor cannabis growth, irrespective of the chosen location. What is the total square meter of land available for planting? How many plants can the space hold? Answers to these questions and more are provided here.
- Space Preparation
Your growing space should be free of decorations, furniture, or carpets, and must have electricity and plumbing accessible and close to the proposed locations of your lights and pots.
- Setting up water and light systems
Next is hanging your light fixtures at the right place, running the wires, and plugging them in for testing. Likewise, set up the water system and test.
- Prepare the Pots
During this stage, you place your pots at the ideal spots and fill them with soil or growing mediums. Likewise, you should have your seeds/clones available in the right quantity. Everything should be according to your plans.
- Planting Proper
As stated in the introduction, using a grow tent when starting a hydroponics growing project is the best option. It simplifies the process and yields faster results. The steps discussed above can be adapted to the size of your project. However, it is advisable that you do a test with one or a few plants, and ascertain the viability of your blueprint before scaling up.